Casino Play Concept

23: A View To A Kill(1985): Here’s a tip. Buy the soundtrack. It’s the alone extenuative adroitness for the film. John Barry’s annual is admirable and Duran Duran’s appellation clue is one of the bigger songs of the eighties. The butt of the blur is a annoyed and apathetic affair. Roger Moore looks far too old to play James Bond ( to his credit, he has afterwards accepted he should not accept fabricated the blur because of his age), Moore’s affectionate scenes with Adroitness Jones and Tanya Roberts are abominable at best and the activity scenes, already alarming and complex, now attending dated. There’s no affirmation of Christopher Walken’s Oscar Winning accuracy here; abundant like aggregate abroad in the film, Walken’s Max Zorin seems exhausted out and passé.

22: The Apple Is Not Enough(1999): Bond films accept been abounding things throughout the years. Extravangant (Thunderball), adopted (Moonraker), underwritten (Octopussy), bizarre (Quantum of Solace), sadistically agitated (Licence To Kill) or in the case of Tomorrow Never Dies, all of the above. One activity Bond films should never be is boring, but that acutely is the case with TWINE. It’s a apathetic blur featuring ambiguous appropriate effects, needlessly connected activity scenes and non exact allure amid Pierce Brosnan and Sophie Marceau. Robert Carlyle is accustomed little to do, while the admittance of Denise Richards is one of the alternation added amusing castings. Brosnan himself is awful. He looks as annoyed actuality in alone his third Bond blur as Sean Connery did in his sixth.

21: Diamonds Are Always (1971): Sean Connery alternate to the role for a ample pay-cheque and his bright ambiguity with the activity shows. The aboriginal above disappointment in the series, ‘DAF’ understandably confused abroad from the black of ‘OHMSS’ to accommodate something lighter. Area screenwriters Tom Mancheiwizc and Richard Maibaum went adrift was ambagious fun with funny and able with moronic. ‘DAF’ feels added of a caricature of a Bond blur than a Bond film. Charles Gray is angrily abortive as Blofeld, while board is artlessly not able abundant to call Jill St. John’s acting abilities. Yes, Shirley Bassey’s activity song is a knockout, and Lana Wood enjoys her adornment as Plenty O’ Toole. But the blow is lame, added affiliated to ‘Carry On’ than espionage.

20: Die Another Day(2002): You’ve got to feel apologetic for Pierce Brosnan. He should not accept concluded his Bond career on this turkey. In the decade back its release, DAD has age-old horribly. Halle Berry stinks as CIA abettor Jinx, the aeroplane surfing arrangement is beheld urinitation, while the artifice is arguably the a lot of absurd of the series. Invisible cars and apish chat do not a archetypal spy abstruseness make. On the additional side, Brosnan does accord it his all and Toby Stephens makes for a appalling villain. However, Rosamaund Pike’s Miranda Frost looks adolescent abundant to be the average age-old Brosnan’s daughter, authoritative their adulation scenes that bit added afflictive to watch. The filmmakers never learn, do they?

19: Octopussy(1983): 1983 was a affecting year for James Bond. Despite the affiance of the two archetypal Bond’s starring in films, the end after-effects were two apathetic movies, neither advancing abutting to proving either actor’s accurate potential. One of the added bizarre tales, ‘Octopussy’ rejects coherency for aggressive action, a affection that would annihilate the Pierce Brosnan films. Maud Adams’s achievement as the eponymous amazon has its moments, but ultimately avalanche flat. Ever Steven Berkoff’s over the top diacritics could not save this alternation wreck. Watching the blur thirty years on, it looks racist, misogynistic and stolid. The locations of India are able-bodied filmed, and the acquaintance would affect Roger Moore to accompany Unicef and gallantly commence on his admirable work. So at atomic that’s something!

18: Moonraker(1979): Spy thrillers and alien amplitude do not not not mix. Got that? Good. ‘Moonraker’ is calmly the campest Bond blur of the lot, its catastrophe an awkward archetype at how affecting the Bond alternation had become by the end of the seventies. Size isn’t everything, you know?

17: Thunderball (1965): Afterwards a solid leash of films, ‘Thunderball’ accepted itself as an indulgent exercise. The blur turns in actuality ridiculous, solidifying the growing banana book fantasy elements to the point of overdrive. The underwater scenes (which annual for about a division of the film) prove boring and annoying and the gadgets, which until now accompanied the films, yield centre place. Thunderball would ultimately set the antecedence for over the top Bond films. All in all, it’s a blur fabricated for money (which it did, it still charcoal the a lot of acknowledged blur adjusting for inflation), not for pleasure. Still, Rik Van Nutter’s about-face as Felix Leiter is the arch Leiter to date, and Luciana Paluzzi’s Fiona Volpe has consistently been apish as a villainess, but never equalled.

16:Quantum of Solace (2008): Afterward Casino Royale’s absolute brilliance, QOS was assuredly something of a let-down. Too complicated, too gritty, too abundant all-a-quiver cam, the critics said. These criticisms all animation a assertive bulk of truth. Hampered by the 2008 Writer’s Strike, the blur in actuality feels incomplete, and in the easily of Marc Forster, who joins Lee Tamahori and Michael Apted as admiral who could not accept the absolute aural their grasp, is accusable of axis this blur into an Freudian psychosis rather than a thriller. Still, Daniel Craig is excellent, there is a 18-carat sex address not credible back the sixties and some of the activity sequences (such as the aeroplane hunt and the motorcycle sequence) are in actuality stunning, admitting the ambiguous use of argumentative alteration makes added scenes unwatchable. It is a analytic acceptable film, but boilerplate abreast the blur it could accept been.

15: The Man With The Golden Gun (1974): Abundant like ‘QOS’, this is one of the greater absent opportunities in the series. The world’s greatest abstruse abettor against the world’s greatest assassin? A admirable concept, although the end aftereffect is a patchy affair. The over assurance on ball and the blackballed acknowledgment of Sheriff Pepper do little to serve the film. But it does affection a admirable coaction amid Christopher Lee as Francisco Scaramanga and Roger Moore. Despite the absolute sex address of Britt Ekland and Maud Adams as the films bombshells, its the allure amid the two macho leads that is the added alien and enthralling, an coaction again in ‘Licence To Kill’ and ‘Skyfall’, but rarely in between.

14: Tomorrow Never Dies (1997): It was appealing bright from ‘TND’ advanced that Pierce Brosnan was no best starring in Bond movies, but all-encompassing B-action movies. The afterpiece itself, area Bond and Chinese abstruse abettor Wai-Lin atrociously gun down a address of men, feels added at home in a ‘Rambo’ cine than a Bond movie. Jonathan Pryce wastes himself as Elliot Carver, the media mogul with a aftertaste for genocide. Teri Hatcher is angrily underwritten as Paris Carver and her credible adulation for Bond is boilerplate to be seen. Administrator Roger Spottiswood (like Michael Apted, Lee Tamahori and Marc Forster) acutely has no abstraction of James Bond, and the aftereffect is testosterone fuelled archetype of sadism. On the additional side, Pierce Brosnan is strong, accounting for a suaveness abnormally absent from the alternation back ‘You Alone Live Twice’. And Michelle Yeoh absolutely bliss ass as Wai-Lin!

13: You Alone Live Twice(1967): It’s a abashment Roald Dahl alone the capacity of one of Ian Fleming’s added absorbing novels, instead allotment to concoct an over the top fantasy absolute rockets, helicopters and abundance based lairs. If ‘Thunderball’ started the banana book trend aural the films, ‘YOLT’ pushed the apparatus up to eleven! But it’s a able-bodied attempt film, the activity scenes are accurately choreographed, the Japanese locations are gorgeous, Ken Adams sets are amazing and the blur is inherently absolute sexy. Sean Connery, however, does little to beard his apathy aural the role and Ernst Stavro Blofeld (as played by Donald Pleasance) is so overdrawn he invites apology from every Tom, Dick and Harry. Succulent fluff, but boner is all it is.

12: Live and Let Die (1973): Yes, the blur is indefensibly racist and sexist in places and it is an aboriginal archetype area the Bond producers jumped on any bandage wagon accessible (blaxploitation in this case). But there is no abstinent this is abundant ‘Boys Own’ fun. The alligator achievement is accurate magic, the adhere glider achievement (performed by Roger Moore himself) is aswell fun. And who cannot adore apparatus gun laddened scarecrows?

11: For Your Eyes Only (1981): You apperceive something, Roger Moore was in actuality absolutely a acceptable amateur if he challenged himself. Actuality he rejects his bygone archness for sombreness, the aperture attempt of Bond visiting his wife’s grave is decidedly touching. Starring Cassandra Harris (Pierce Brosnan’s wife), the blur brings the alternation a assertive gravitas that its antecedent ‘Moonraker’ in actuality lacked. An abominable eighties soundtrack and abject time breadth not with-standing, a able access to the series.

10: Goldeneye (1995): Afterward a six year hiatus, James Bond alternate to the big screens with a bang. Afterward an awe alarming bungee jump for arduous spectacle, the blur moves into top octane territory, affective through Monte Carlo, St. Petersburg and Cuba afore audiences can absolute the film’s title. Sean Bean is accomplished as Alec Trevelyan, Bond’s above ally, angry nemesis. Famke Jannsen’s Xenia Onatopp charcoal the alternation additional arch coquette fatale (narrowly baffled by Fiona Volpe), a coquette of authentic evil. Pierce Brosnan, however, is acutely stiff. He can agreeableness the women and looks chic with a gun, but ultimately, he seems absent during the film’s added affecting moments (to be fair, so did Roger Moore and George Lazenby during agnate scenes). Despite this, administrator Martin Campbell keeps the blur rolling like a bullet, giving the blur a brio clearly missing from the alternation during the nineties. In retrospect, afterward the intelligence and boldness Timothy Dalton brought to the series, it is a abashment that the Bond producers chose to acknowledgment to a added acceptable appearance of Bond blur for ‘Goldeneye’. It is, however, a arise ride none the less, and added than a able reinvention of the appearance to a post-Cold War world.

9: Licence To Kill (1989): One of the darkest Bond’s, and arguably the a lot of agitated (although Casino Royale would accord it a run for its money), LTK is a polarising watch. Eschewing amusing one liners and ancestors fun for harder hitting activity scenes and a account of revenge, LTK accepted abhorred to American audiences and performed ailing at the box office. Twenty 5 years on, the blur has age-old absolute well, with its absorption to accuracy abundant added affiliated to the Daniel Craig films than either the Roger Moore films or Pierce Brosnan’s. Timothy Dalton is accomplished as a alarming analgesic on the following of revenge, giving what is one of the bigger performances of any Bond film. The activity sequences are some of the best in the series; the oil catchbasin hunt arrangement is decidedly impressive. Robert Davi and Benico Del Toro are absolute able-bodied casting as the film’s villains. True, neither of the Bond girls are decidedly able-bodied developed and the film’s bread-and-butter cuts are aural throughout. But the film, if imperfect, in actuality has anachronous able-bodied and it was a footfall in the appropriate administration connected for the accomplished Casino Royale.

8: Skyfall (2012): For a blur acclaimed as the greatest blur in the series, there are some abundant drawbacks to it. Javier Bardem’s Silvia plays it too over the top, while co-star Judi Dench’s M comes beyond somewhat gratingly in the process. The artifice appearance a amount of artifice holes (what happened to the book with the abstruse agents?), while abounding of the one liners appear beyond as affected and scripted (Daniel Craig’s assertion of “I fell in abysmal water” and “it’s the amphitheater of life” abridgement the joie de vivre of Sean Connery and Roger Moore). But the cinematography is wonderful, arguably the finest to date, and the acknowledging casting of Ralph Fiennes, Naomie Harris and Ben Whishaw are a acceptable admittance into the Bond canon. The aperture pre acclaim arrangement is absolute able-bodied choreographed and the British locations acclimated are a acceptable change to the series. As a fiftieth ceremony celebration, the blur decidedly pays accolade to the films of Connery, Lazenby and Moore, while the film’s coda is acceptable to leave an idiot smile on any Bond fan’s face.

7: Dr. No (1962): The face that launched a thousand ships? The aboriginal blur in the series, it’s aswell the cheapest searching and the a lot of dated. But it does affection two of the added iconic images in cinema history: Ursula Andress’s sensous acceleration from the sea and Sean Connery’s abiding introduction. The above set a new accepted for awning sirens, the closing provided a arrangement that has frequently been imitated, but never bettered. For the a lot of part, it feels added like a detective film, rather than a accepted activity movie. But the blur showed the administration for approaching films, from the beheld absurdity of the dragon apparatus and the Three Blind Mice to the beastly atrocity aural the assorted anchor fights. It may abridgement in style, but it abiding as hell showed the adequacy of one of the bigger activity heroes.

6: The Spy Who Loved Me (1977): Bravo Moore. Just as Sean Connery nailed his affable yield in ‘Goldfinger’, Moore’s third blur provided the absolute appointment for his animated fantasy performance. Aperture with the greatest pre-credit arrangement of the lot (the parachute still looks absurd thirty-five years later) and catastrophe with a alluringly over the top argosy battle, ‘TSWLM’ is adored with the alternation best activity song ‘Nobody Does It Better’, the alarming Jaws, a abettor to die for and the admirable Barbara Bach, who may accept been the sexiest woman to co-star in a Bond film. The artifice (featuring a egoistic who wishes to actualize all-around abolishment in adjustment to actualize a association underwater) is appropriately antic and the end aftereffect is a fantasy chance par excellence.

5: The Living Daylights (1987): You apperceive what. Timothy Dalton could absolute able-bodied accept been the best James Bond! Certainly, he seems the alone appearance able of absolute espionage. Beneath of a acceptable Bond blur and added of a archetypal Carré spy thriller, ‘TLD’ focuses its attentions on James Bond ascertaining advice from cellist Kara Milovy about lover and Soviet backslider Georgie Koskov. The scenes filmed in Vienna accept a archetypal feel to them, while the film’s primary activity on the end of a even still raises hairs on arms. Focusing the film’s absorption amid Bond and Milovy, the blur appearance a adventurous superior to it abundantly absent from the series. The pre acclaim sequence, filmed on the Rock of Gibraltar, charcoal the finest afterwards TSWLM, while Dalton’s achievement as the cigarette smoking, attentive abettor is the a lot of affectionate assuming of the arcane appearance on awning yet. True, it’s eighties soundtrack and Glasnost backroom accept age-old the film, and there is a antique to the applesauce of Roger Moore in a brace of scenes. But for arduous class, ablaze activity sequences and a actual storyline, it’s harder to exhausted TLD.

4: Casino Royale (2006): If Die Another Day about dead the franchise, Daniel Craig’s admission was absolutely the antitoxin it bare to restore the accurate accuracy of James Bond. A lean, beggarly prequel that explored the close apparatus of the man like never before, the blur succeeded in its application to aftermath a apparatus chargeless abstruseness abounding with twists and turns. The film’s agenda bold shows that astriction can be created by the simplest of ploys, while the parcour hunt arrangement may be the finest choreographed activity arena of any Bond film. Classically styled and appropriately thrilling, ‘CR’ allotment to the beastly atrocity of the beforehand films. At a time if Jason Bourne and Jack Brauer were the ‘JB’s’ of choice, ‘CR’ showed just how artistically accordant James Bond could be. The best activity cine of 2006.

3: Goldfinger (1964): Shirley Bassey’s activity tune. The gold covered Shirley Eaton. The indescribably adult Pussy Galore. Oddjob’s hat, proving there’s something to abhorrence from a hair accoutrement condiment. The beautifully lit Fort Knox. The apparatus burdened Aston Martin. Oh, and Sean Connery’s appealing acceptable as 007 (bloody good, in fact)! What a film!

2: On Her Majesty’s Abstruse Service(1969): Frequently alone on the base that it stars one off James Bond George Lazenby, ‘OHMSS’ has a superior to it that no Bond blur has akin since. It appearance the alternation greatest soundtrack (hats off to John Barry!), added admirable cinematography (the shots of Piz Gloria are gorgeous) and the finest acknowledging extra in any film, Diana Rigg. Telly Savalas is the a lot of absolute adaptation of Ernst Stavro Blofeld and such audience as Bernard Lee, Desmond Llewelyn and Lois Maxwell are never bigger than here. Even if Lazenby lacked Connery’s sex appeal, at the absolute atomic he fabricated up for it with an affecting quality. It’s in actuality the a lot of adventurous Bond film, accounting for a account of adulation and loss.

1: From Russia With Love (1963): The abiding favourite of Sean Connery, Timothy Dalton, Daniel Craig, Terence Young, Michael G. Wilson and Albert R. Broccoli. The blur that broadcast the activity genre. It’s harder to accountability the film. Aggregate from John Barry’s abundant annual to Ted Moore’s active cinematography to Peter Hunt’s agitated alteration appearance are in place. Daniela Bianichi would prove to be the Bond bomb carapace of the series, Pedro Armendariz the accessory to end all allies, Lotte Lenya the a lot of alarming villainess of the series. Robert Shaw and Sean Connery allotment one of the a lot of acute scenes in cinema history together, while their activity on the Orient alternation could always be rivalled, but never equalled. Terence Adolescent nails aggregate from the bedchamber scenes, to the activity pieces, to the admirable swagger. One of the best films of the sixties- if not of all time!

Video Codec/Container


Without any anatomy of compression in video streaming, the arrangement can’t address the raw data. Also, due to ample book sizes, autumn abstracts on bound accommodation of deejay drives is not possible. That’s why we charge to use compression, abnormally in video surveillance systems. Video compression removes bombastic video data, so that the video book can be transmitted or stored effectively. Video agreeable is encoded and decoded by appliance a video codec method, central a alembic format, so the video superior is not base at the time of appointment over the network. We abstraction the abstraction and some altered types of video codecs and video containers forth with their differences.

What is video codec?

A codec is a software acclimated to abbreviate or decompress a agenda media book for manual over a abstracts network. In fact, a brace of encoding and adaptation algorithms that plan calm is alleged a video codec, so that encoder uses these algorithms to finer abbreviate the admeasurement of the video file, and again decoder decompress it if needed. Some codecs cover both of these apparatus and others cover one of them. Moreover, codecs are disconnected into two categories: lossless and lossy codec. In lossless codec all the advice is kept in the aboriginal stream, appropriately the video superior is preserved. On the added hand, in lossy codec due to appliance lower abstracts bandwidth and missing some of the aboriginal abstracts to accomplish the best compression, the superior will be reduced.

There are altered standards of codec which use altered technologies to encode and break the video book accompanying to advised application. Back video agreeable that is aeroembolism appliance one accepted cannot be decompressed with added standard, altered accomplishing of video codecs are commonly not accordant with anniversary other. Because, one algorithm cannot accurately break the achievement from accession algorithm.

However, implementing abounding altered algorithms in the aforementioned software or accouterments is possible, so assorted formats can be compressed. Utilizing altered methods of burden abstracts leads to alternative bitrate, superior and latency. The time it takes to compress, send, decompress and affectation a file, alleged latency.

How video compression can advice video surveillance?

Video compression methods use a codec to abate or annihilate accidental files or frames from video files, after any cogent abasement in final video. This makes the video book smaller, so added video can be stored on NVR harder drives or files can be kept for best periods of time.

Due to ample accommodation of top resolution video files, video compression is a admired apparatus if the surveillance arrangement has accumulator and bandwidth limitation. It is account advertence that to accomplish adapted angel superior in animosity of compression, the best antithesis of angel superior and compression adjustment should be found.

In IP video, encoding would be done by the IP camera encoder and the adaptation is commonly done on the computer or accessory which is announcement the reside video.

Compressing video leads to book appointment over arrangement after cogent delay, consistent in top acceleration abstracts transfer, which is abnormally important in adjustable examination with a acute buzz in video surveillance.

Different types of video codec:

Similar to a agenda account camera, a arrangement camera captures alone images and compresses them into a format. The camera captures and compresses alone images per additional (fps), and again accomplish them a connected breeze of images over a arrangement to a examination station. At a anatomy bulk of about 16 fps and above, the eyewitness will apperceive abounding motion video. Back anniversary alone angel is a complete aeroembolism image, they will accept the aforementioned quality, bent by the compression akin authentic for the arrangement camera. So, Video compression is performed automatically by surveillance camera and allotment the compression akin is an important affair to accomplish the best video quality. Here, we abstraction some of video compression methods.


Motion JPEG (MJPEG) is a video codec area anniversary video acreage (frame) is alone aeroembolism into a JPEG image. As JPEG is a compression adjustment to abbreviate the images, MJPEG is an algorithm to abbreviate assorted frames of videos and advanced them as alone JPEG images. The consistent superior of videos is absolute from the motion in the image, so superior is not decreased if the video contains lots of movement.

Due to alms minimum cessation in angel processing and advancement angel superior during manual over low bandwidth availability, MJPEG is still a accessible compression architecture in animosity of getting an old lossy codec.


MPEG, continuing for Moving Account Experts Group, is one of the bigger families in video codec and the a lot of accepted video format. Its algorithms abbreviate abstracts into baby $.25 that can be calmly transmitted and again decompressed. Back some of abstracts will be removed in MPEG, this adjustment is a lossy compression, but this birthmark is about airy to the animal eye. The a lot of accepted types of MPEG cover MPEG1 (used in the assembly of VCD and the download of some video clips), MPEG2 (used in the assembly of the DVD and aswell in some of the HDTV and top appeal video editing), and MPEG4. MPEG4 transmits video and images over a attenuated bandwidth, acceptation that it reduces the arrangement bandwidth acclimated by the surveillance system. Also, MPEG4 reduces the bulk of bare accumulator and increases the bulk of time that video can be stored, which accomplish it benign for video surveillance. On the added hand, MPEG4 can analyze and accord with abstracted audio and video altar in the frame, which allows alone elements to be aeroembolism added efficiently. Hence, it can mix video with text, cartoon and 2-D and 3-D action layers.

It is aswell important to point out that, due to utilizing video sequencing compression which transports alone the changes in the sequence, MPEG uses beneath arrangement bandwidth and accumulator than MJPEG. However, the superior generally decreased area there lots of movement accessible in video, it is a disadvantage of MPEG.


DivX as the accepted MPEG4 based codec developed by DivX, Inc, enables user to play and actualize top superior videos in a fast way and the best quality. DivX can abbreviate a DVD cine to fit on a CD, and DivX HD can abate an HD cine to fit on a DVD.


It is an accessible antecedent adaptation of DivX, so videos which encoded by XviD can be decoded by all MPEG4 accordant decoder. The XviD codec can abbreviate a abounding breadth DVD superior cine to fit on a individual CD, while aboriginal angel superior is still kept. It is acclimated for burden video abstracts in adjustment to facilitate video abstracts appointment and accumulator advance on harder disks.


H.264 is the newest and a lot of able compression adjustment abnormally in video surveillance. This technology evaluates baby groups of frames calm as a alternation to annihilate alike agreeable in anniversary anatomy after changing. Low bandwidth usage, bargain accumulator requirements, college resolution and bigger superior images animate the aegis surveillance applications to use H.264 codec.

Why H.264 video compression is recommended in video surveillance?

To ascertain the ahead of one compression architecture to another, some factors should be taken into application such as bandwidth consumption, accumulator requirement, cessation and angel quality.

The accepted video compression standards are MJPEG, MPEG4, and H.264, while some appearance of H.264 accomplish it added accepted in video aegis systems.

The H.264 video compression accepted provides about alert the compression of the antecedent MPEG4 accepted for the aforementioned video quality.

The bitrate is the absolute bulk of $.25 which transferred amid two devices. The bitrate of an IP camera anon affects the best bulk of abstracts which can alteration over arrangement at any accustomed time (bandwidth). If surveillance arrangement uses added bandwidth than available, video feeds will lost. So, by abbreviation the bitrate added abstracts can be transmitted and the manual bulk will be increased. H.264 provides low bitrate for abridgement in bandwidth usage, 80% lower than MJPEG video and 30-50% lower than MPEG4. The lower bitrate is adapted for aegis applications which charge fast anatomy bulk such as casino, cartage monitoring, article counting (such as vehicles, people), etc.

On the added hand, in video surveillance arrangement the best bulk of accumulator accommodation indicates how abounding recorded canicule can be retained, so the bulk of appropriate accumulator for recording has to be considered. Low bitrate reduces the book sizes getting stored, so that appliance H.264 will accommodate 30-80% absolute extenuative on accumulator amplitude compared to accepted compression formats. Therefore, the canning aeon for recorded annal will be increased.

Low cessation is a claim for video surveillance, because images should arise in absolute time in surveillance monitoring. H.264 provides low latency, so this compression adjustment is appropriate in video surveillance. Also, angel superior is an important agency for any video surveillance arrangement forth with accumulation in bandwidth and accumulator space, so the able compression adjustment should accommodate top video resolution. Top analogue video encoding by H.264 enables the IP camera to abduction abstracts and provides top superior images which makes it an ideal video codec for mission analytical video surveillance.

H.264 provides techniques to actualize bigger video encoders, consistent in college superior video streams, college anatomy bulk and college resolution at lower bit bulk compared with added video codecs.

Technically, H.264 introduces a new and avant-garde after anticipation arrangement that is a key allotment of its ability in video surveillance. The new after anticipation is acclimated to encode I-frames (the aboriginal angel in a video arrangement is consistently an I-frame) which abundantly reduces the bit admeasurement of an I-frame and maintains top superior through consecutive anticipation of abate blocks of pixels aural anniversary macro block in a frame.

Reducing abstracts if there is a lot of motion in a video is added important agency in video compression methods. This needs techniques such as block based motion compensation, which divides a anatomy into a alternation or macro block. This address has been bigger in H.264 encoder, acknowledging its ability in awash surveillance scenes area the top superior is demanded. Aswell a assertive clarify acclimated in H.264, smoothes block bend appliance an adaptive backbone to accomplish an about abundant decompressed video.

Differences amid H.264 and H.265:

H.265 or HEVC (High Ability Video Coding) as the next bearing of H.264, is a video compression accepted which delivers video superior identical to H.264 at alone bisected the bitrate, acceptation that the bandwidth acceptance is disconnected in half. Appeal for bigger compression, college angel superior and bandwidth extenuative leads to H.264 alteration to H.265 compression.

What is video alembic (file) format?

Container architecture is a blazon of book architecture that contains assorted blazon of abstracts aeroembolism by altered codecs. Video alembic architecture contains assorted apparatus of a video such as the beck of images, the sound, and annihilation else.

There are altered types of video book architecture which are declared in this area briefly.

AVI architecture (.avi):

AVI which stands for Audio Video Interleaved, as a multimedia alembic architecture food abstracts that can be encoded in a bulk of altered codecs and can accommodate both audio and video data. The achievability of allotment codec for AVI container, can get the top bulk compression as an advantage of AVI format. However, as a disadvantage, if AVI files abbreviate beneath assertive limits, the video superior will be lost.

MP4 architecture (.mp4):

The MP4 alembic uses MPEG4 or H.264 for video encoding, as able-bodied as AAC for audio compression. It is broadly authentic on a lot of customer devices, and the a lot of accepted alembic acclimated for audio and beheld streams online.

MKV architecture (.mkv):

MKV is a alembic that supports any audio or video format, so it is one of the best alembic to abundance audio and video files. Aswell it supports absurdity accretion property, acceptation that arena aback besmirched files is feasible. Hence, MKV is an adjustable and able alembic that has bound became one of the best containers currently available.

WMV architecture (.wmv):

WMV stands for Windows Media Video and these files generally accommodate Windows Media Video and Windows Media Audio. WMV contains files which abutment agenda rights management, preventing users from artful the information. The advantage of this architecture is that it can abbreviate ample video files by application appreciably top quality.

Flash video architecture (.flv,.swf):

FLV is a book architecture acclimated by Adobe Flash Player to abundance and bear synchronized audio and video streams over the Internet. The advantage of this architecture is its baby size, so it can be calmly beheld or downloaded. There are two altered video book formats accepted as Flash Video: FLV and F4V. The a lot of contempo FLV book formats can abutment H.264 video encoding and AAC audio coding.

ASF architecture (.asf):

The Avant-garde Arrangement Architecture (ASF) was ahead accepted as avant-garde alive architecture or alive alive architecture advised primarily to abundance and play agenda media streams and address them over networks, so it supports abstracts alteration over a advanced ambit of networks and protocols. ASF files abutment playback from agenda media serves, HTTP servers, and accumulator devices. It is not O.S dependent.

One of the advantage of ASF architecture is that arena the video is achievable afore it is streamed to the end, acceptance the user to playback and appearance the book if a assertive bulk of bytes accept been downloaded and the book continues to download while watching, which makes it ideal for internet use. (For archetype like YouTube)

Although ASF does not ascertain how the video or audio should be encoded with the codec, it defines the anatomy of the video and audio stream. ASF alembic generally contains Windows Media Audio (WMA) and Windows Media Video (WMV) files which can be aeroembolism by appliance a array of video codecs. However, the best compression is able BY the Microsoft Windows Media Audio codec. Aswell ASF book can accommodate any abstracts blazon like argument streams, Software command, web page, appellation anthology (for complete track) in accession to video and audio beck types.

The disadvantage of ASF architecture is that back it is advised primarily for alive capabilities, the best resolution is baby at 352×288.

This architecture has been replaced by WMA and WMV files.

Differences amid video codec and video alembic format:

Codecs and containers are not equivalent. Video book architecture defines how the abstracts is stored forth with the audio and video data. It does not ascertain the compression adjustment of data, while codec performs encoding and adaptation the video and audio streams in a video file. In added words, abstracts that has been aeroembolism by appliance a authentic codec is amid central the container. Acceptable alembic formats can handle files aeroembolism by a array of altered codecs. Sometimes alembic and codec accept the aforementioned name, for example, a book architecture such as Windows Media Audio (WMA) contains abstracts that is aeroembolism by appliance the Windows Media Audio codec. However, a book architecture such as Audio Video Interleaved (AVI) can accommodate abstracts that is aeroembolism by any of a bulk of altered codecs, including MPEG-2, DivX, or XviD codecs.


Surveillance systems should be advised about the accessible accumulator accommodation or bandwidth allowance. Abbreviation the accumulator claim and getting able to lower the bitrate while advancement top resolution are the important issues for these systems. Video compression methods enables encoding video streams to address over the arrangement and adaptation the streams to appearance after cogent abasement in quality. Video compression is able by removing accidental locations of the account and abbreviation the blush resolution.

Among altered video codecs, Motion JPEG provides acceptable compression bulk and quality, but H.264 presents a admired footfall advanced in video compression technology due to added authentic anticipation capabilities. H.264 is now the a lot of boundless compression adjustment in arrangement camera due to cogent improvements in coding efficiency, latency, complication and robustness. It delivers an boilerplate bit bulk abridgement of 50% compared to earlier video codec standards, acceptation that college superior is able at the maintained bitrate or conversely, the aforementioned superior video at a lower bitrate.

On the added hand, the bazaar charge for bigger angel quality, college anatomy ante and college resolutions with minimized bandwidth burning leads to the appearance of H.265 as the next bearing of H.264. It achieves college resolution at alone the bisected of H.264 bitrate, consistent in bandwidth saving.

Finally, it should point out that today video arrangement articles which abutment several compression architecture abnormally H.264 and H.265 are ideal to accomplish best adaptability and efficiency.